Vaccination Schedule- Know about Immunization and the importance

Vaccination is the biological preparation administration of some particular antigenic material to stimulate an individual’s immune system to develop adaptive immunity to antigen or pathogen, to prevent particular disease. A vaccine can help for active immunity against a specific harmful agent by stimulating the immune system, Vaccination Schedule is very important. Childhood vaccines protect children from a variety of serious or potentially fatal diseases, including diphtheria, measles, polio and whooping cough (pertussis). Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing infectious diseases; vaccination helped to worldwide eradication of smallpox and the elimination of diseases such as measles, polio, and tetanus in a grater extension from the world.

Why Vaccination is Importance?

  • Vaccination is one of the best ways for the parents to make sure their children are healthy and prevent from particular diseases.
  • Vaccination is very safe and effective
  • Immunizations can save your child’s life; to protect your child Vaccination Schedule is very important. Vaccine may prevent diseases such as measles, mumps and whooping cough, Hepatitis & tetanus are still a threat.
  • Immunizations can save your family time and cost-expense of disease, it helps to stay healthy.
  • Immunization can protect future generations. Vaccination helped to worldwide eradication & elimination of some diseases. Though vaccination has led to a dramatic decline in the number of several infectious diseases from different countries.
  • If children are not vaccinated then they can spread a disease to other children who are too young to be vaccinated or to people with weakened immune systems or such as transplant patients and people with cancer.

Are vaccine side effects dangerous?

Any vaccine can cause side effects. Usually, these side effects are minor — low-grade fever, fussiness and soreness at the injection site. Some vaccines cause a temporary headache, fatigue or loss of appetite. Rarely, a child might experience a severe allergic reaction or a neurological side effect, such as a seizure.

Immunization or Vaccination schedule for child:

Know about different Vaccination schedule, met your doctor & get the proper dose with your doctor advice for proper guidance, protect your child with proper Vaccination Schedule.

Hepatitis B(HepB): Ideally the first dose is given within 24 hours of birth, the second at 1–2 months, the third at 4 months (if needed), and the last at 6–18 months. Child needs 3–4 doses of hepatitis B vaccine.

Diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough(pertussis; DTaP & Tdap): Two kinds of vaccines used today help protect against whooping cough, both of which also protect against other diseases: 1) Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) vaccines & 2) Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) vaccines. DTaP & Tdapis a vaccine develop immunity to three deadly diseases caused by bacteria: diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough. Child usually administered 5 doses of DTaP vaccine. The first dose is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months, the fourth at 15–18 months, and the fifth at 4–6 years. Tdap is a booster immunization given at age 11 that offers continued protection from those diseases for adolescents and adults.

Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib): child needs 3–4 doses of Hib vaccine, depending on the brand of vaccine. The first dose is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months (if needed), and the last at 12–15 months.

Hepatitis A(HepA): child needs 2 doses of hepatitis A vaccine. The first dose is given at age 1 year and the second 6–12 months later.

Polio(IPV): Child needs 4 doses of polio vaccine (IPV). The first dose is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6–18 months, and the fourth at 4–6 years

Influenza(Flu): The flu vaccine is recommended for children 6 months and older. Some children younger than age 9 years need 2 doses. Ask your doctor if your child needs more than 1 dose.

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR): Child needs 2 doses of MMR vaccine. The first dose is given at 12–15 months and the second at 4–6 years.

Pneumococcal (PCV): child needs 4 doses of Pneumococcal (PCV). The first dose is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months, and the fourth at 12–15 months. Some children also need a dose of Pneumovax vaccine (PPSV). Ask your doctor if your child needs this extra protection against pneumococcal disease.

Rotavirus (RV): There are two rotavirus vaccines that can protect children from this disease. The first dose is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, and depending upon the brand sometime the third is needed at 6 months.

Chickenpox (Varicella): A child needs 2 doses of chickenpox vaccine. The first dose is given at 12–15 months and the second at 4–6 years

This is the common vaccines usually which all are prescribed but there are so many vaccinations is available.

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