Toothbrush & Toothpaste is primarily used to maintain proper oral health. So we should use the best toothpaste maintain proper oral health. This a most common question to a Dentist, that what toothpaste should I use? In this article I will discuss this topic, I won’t prescribe here any company brand, but I will guide you to chose the best toothpaste for an individual.
Toothpaste is a gel or paste dentifrice used with a toothbrush as an accessory to clean and maintain the aesthetics, oral hygiene and health of teeth & mouth. In the market so many available toothpastes is there like Colgate, Pepsodent, Close-up, Dabur, Sensodyne, Glister, Himalaya & Patanjali etc. but choose the perfect one according to your need. Tooth brushing technique is also important to clean tooth properly, I said about Brushing technique in my last article, read that.
Component of toothpaste:
Abrasives: To remove tartar & plaque & stains. Common abrasives include alumina, calcium carbonate, dicalcium phosphate, silica and sodium bicarbonate (baking soda).
Detergents: Its also known as foaming agents or surfactants & soap. Common detergents include sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and sodium lauryl sacrosinate.
Fluoride: Fluoride in toothpaste has beneficial effects on the formation of dental enamel helps to prevent from caries. stannous fluoride, sodium monofluorophosphate and olaflur are also commonly used.
Colouring Agents & Flavor: It’s to improve the taste & colour of toothpaste
Humectants: Used to maintain a consistent paste-like texture and retain water in the toothpaste. Retaining water prevents the separation of liquid and solid.
Antibacterial agents: Triclosan, is a common toothpaste ingredient in the United Kingdom. Triclosan or zinc chloride prevent gingivitis and, according to the American Dental Association, it helps reduce tartar and bad breath.
Preservatives: It’s to prevent the growth of microorganisms in the toothpaste.
Other: Natural product like Neem, Salt etc. is also used in some toothpaste.
For sensitivity: Commonly Potassium nitrate or strontium chloride used to stop tooth sensitivity, it used to block the Dentinal tubule & temporary reliefs from tooth sensitivity. To know read this.
Bleaching agent: It is used to whitening the tooth,Peroxide, citroxain, and certain abrasives commonly used.
How you will choose the best toothpaste?
I won’t suggest you any brand name here, but I will suggest you use any standard toothpaste. I have seen some paste is more abrasive, which causes tooth erosion & abrasion, don’t use this kind of toothpaste. Before using toothpaste you should know the purpose of using it.
Before choosing a toothpaste the suggestion is:
- Use any Standard toothpaste.
- For prevention from caries, you can use Fluoride toothpaste, after dentist advice.
- Don’t use any toothpaste which has more abrasive.
- Some toothpaste is there to stop Sensitivity, you can use sensitivity toothpaste if you are having sensitivity.
- Commonly I don’t suggest patient to use tooth whitening toothpaste, in which chemical some chemical is given for tooth whitening, because i noticed some side effect of this toothpaste.
Conclusion: Use the proper tooth paste to maintain proper oral health. Before buying a toothpaste know everything & then buy. Proper Tooth brushing technique is also important to clean tooth properly.
Written By: Dr. Anuran Ghosh Mondal