Heart attack- Causes, Symptoms, Risk factor & Treatments
A heart attack is a serious medical emergency condition in which loss of blood supply into the heart because of suddenly blocked, the heart can’t get oxygen to function properly, If not treated quickly the heart muscle begins damage & starts to die. A heart attack is a medical emergency, call an ambulance if you suspect a heart attack.
As we get older, the elasticity of blood vessel is compromised; the smooth inner walls of the arteries that supply the blood to the heart can become damaged and narrow due to the build-up of fatty materials called Atheroma, causes sudden blockage of an artery.
Symptoms of a heart attack: Heart attack symptoms may vary; know about the common symptoms-
- Chest pain or tightness, discomfort- Pressed or squeezed by a heavy object, and pain can radiate from the chest to the arms, shoulder, neck, jaw and back.
- Shortness of breath
- Feel weak sick
- Cold sweat
- Sudden dizziness
What’s the difference between a heart attack and cardiac arrest?
A heart attack is when one of the coronary arteries becomes blocked, the heart can’t get oxygen to function properly, If not treated quickly the heart muscle begins damage & starts to die. If anyone suffers from a heart attack early stage he/she may be conscious.
A cardiac arrest means the heart stops pumping of blood around the body. If anyone suffers from cardiac arrest he/she will be unconscious and need to receive CPR immediately.
Preventing a heart attack:
- Eat a low-fat, high-fibre, take of fresh fruit and vegetables – TO KNOW IN DETAILS ABOUT PROPER DIET, CLICK HERE
- Maintain your proper body weight- TO KNOW IN DETAILS CLICK HERE
- Exercise- Maintain your proper physical activity.
- Quit smoking & moderate your alcohol consumption
- Reduce stress
- Adequate sleep
- High blood pressure & Diabetes keep in control
- Regular doctor check-up
- Older Age
- High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels
- High blood pressure
- Lack of physical activity
- Diabetes- TO KNOW IN DETAILS ABOUT DIABETES, CLICK HERE
- Family history
- Some drugs- Cocaine or Amphetamines
- Men are more likely to have one than women
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Blood tests
- Chest X-ray
- Coronary angiogram
Emergency treatment- If Heart attack symptoms are seen, immediately call ambulance & visit Hospital, don’t wait for a long time. While waiting for an ambulance, take rest-don’t be stressed or panic, it may help to chew a tablet of Aspirin (ideally 300mg for an adult), don’t take Aspirin without doctor advice if you having Aspirin allergy.
In hospital- In a hospital, you will receive treatments that help to reduce damage to your heart and to help prevent future problems. You may get-
- Angioplasty and stent implantation
- Bypass surgery (also known as Coronary Artery Bypass Grafts or CABG)
The time it takes to recover from a heart attack will depend on the amount of damage to the heart muscle. After proper treatment you can get back to your normal daily life in a few weeks, sometimes it can take months.