Kidney stones

Kidney stones

The kidney acts as a filter for blood, removing waste out products from the body and making urine & helps regulate electrolyte levels. Kidney stones, or renal calculi, are dissolved minerals that form inside your kidneys. It can form in one or both of your kidneys.  They usually consist of Calcium oxalate but may be composed of other compounds. Kidney stone can form in different size. However, they can develop anywhere along your urinary tract, which consists of :

  • Kidneys
  • Ureters
  • Bladder
  • Urethra

 

Risk factors for kidney stones:

  • Dehydration
  • Diet with high levels of protein, salt, or glucose
  • Low water intake
  • Obesity
  • Hyperparathyroid condition
  • Primary hyperoxaluria
  • Some medication such as diuretics, antiseizure drugs, and calcium-based antacids etc can cause.
  • Heredity

 

Sign & Symptom of Kidney stones: Sign & symptoms will be depending upon your condition.

  • Persistent pain in the lower back, radiation of pain to belly, groin & gonads
  • Pain when you urinate (Dysuria)
  • Discolored or foul-smelling urine
  • Blood in the urine (Haematuria)
  • Vomiting & Nausea (feeling sick)
  • Frequent need to urinate & urinating small amounts

Blocked ureter and kidney infection:

  • High or low body temperature-fever
  • Feeling very weak or tired
  • Chills and shivering
  • Cloudy, bad-smelling urine & very small amount urinating
  • Diarrhea
Kidney stones
Kidney stones

Diagnosis: Diagnosis of kidney stones is made on the basis of information obtained from the history, physical examination- the location and severity of the pain, urinalysis, and radiographic studies.

  • Lab tests:

-Blood tests: Blood tests may reveal too much calcium or uric acid in your blood.

-Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine to assess kidney functioning

-Urinalysis

  • Imaging:

-Simple abdominal X-rays

-Computerized tomography (CT)

  • Analysis of passed stones

 

Treatment: If you Kidney stones is noticed, immediately visit to your specialist doctor. Treatment for kidney stones varies, depending on the type of stone.

Small stones with minimal symptoms:

  • Drink water average of 2-3Litter/daily (normal adult person)
  • Take proper food, maintain doctor given diet chart
  • Medical therapy
  • Pain relievers

Large stones and those that cause symptoms:

  • Lithotripsy- Using sound waves to break up stones
  • Surgery to remove very large stones in the kidney
  • Parathyroid gland surgery
  • Medical therapy

 

Prevention:

  • Drink daily average of 2-3Litter/daily(normal adult person) water to avoid becoming dehydrated.
  • Proper Diet chart
  • Choose a diet low in salt and animal protein.
  • Increasing citric acid intake; lemon/lime juice is the richest natural source.
  • Moderate calcium intake, limiting sodium intake
  • Avoid vitamin C supplements
  • Say to doctor about the medications you are currently taking

 

 

 

admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Next Post

Missing Teeth Replacement- Missing teeth Causes, Prevention

Fri Apr 13 , 2018
Missing Teeth Replacement- Missing teeth Causes, Prevention If you are missing teeth, you may be all too aware of their importance to your looks (Aesthetic), dental health, as well your general health. Missing teeth can represent the condition of your oral health. In this article I will discuss about missing […]
Missing Teeth Replacement

You May Like

Login To Your Account



Join with Us:

All Medical service provider is invited to Join with us. If you are interested CLICK HERE

DONATE BLOOD & ORGAN:

We are trying to collect the information of interested blood & organ donors. We will share that information with everyone on medical need. If you area interested donor then CLICK HERE & fill the form to let us know

FOLLOW US: