Tuberculosis (TB)

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Tuberculosis (TB)

It is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis it can affect in multiple organs but most commonly effects on Lungs. Tuberculosis (TB) can also affect other parts of your body, including your kidneys, spine or brain. TB can be fatal if it’s not treated properly kill millions of people yearly worldwide, but after taking medicine it can be cured. Tuberculosis continues to be a major health problem worldwide.

Transmission of Tuberculosis (TB): Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria, causes TB.
  • TB bacteria are transmitted through the air.
  • Sneezing
  • Tiny droplets
  • Coughing

Although the body may harbour the bacteria that cause tuberculosis & it fights with the body immune system.

  • Latent TB: In this condition, you have TB bacteria in your body, but the bacteria remain in your body in an inactive state and cause no symptoms. Latent TB, is inactive TB or TB infection, isn’t contagious. It can turn into active TB. An estimated 2 billion people have latent TB.
  • Active TB: This condition makes you sick and can spread to others.
Signs and Symptoms of active tuberculosis (TB):
  • Coughing that lasts three or more weeks
  • Coughing up blood
  • Mild to moderate Fever
  • Chills
  • Night Sweats
  • Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swollen lymph nodes
Risk factors for tuberculosis (TB):
  • Malnutrition & Lowered natural resistance
  • Overcrowding & poor housing condition
  • Diabetic
  • HIV
  • Silicosis
  • Who smoke cigarettes have nearly twice the risk of TB compared to non-smokers.
  • Health-care workers.
  • Cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy
Diagnosis tuberculosis (TB):
  • Chest X-ray
  • Mantoux tuberculin skin test
Tuberculosis (TB) – Mantoux skin test
  • Blood tests
  • Sputum test

A chest X-ray and multiple sputum cultures for acid-fast bacilli are typically part of the initial evaluation.

Prevention of  Tuberculosis (TB)?

Most people in high-risk regions receive TB vaccinations as children. The vaccine is called Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, or BCG, and only protects against some TB strains, it decreases the risk of getting the infection by 20% and the risk of infection turning into disease by nearly 60%. It is the most widely used vaccine worldwide

Tuberculosis (TB) treatments:

People diagnosed with TB generally have to take one or more medications for six to nine months of Antibiotic course, complete your treatment course on doctors’ advice. Isoniazid, Ethambutol (Myambutol), Pyrazinamide, Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) is commonly used to treat Tuberculosis. Along with medicine a good quality of  Dietary Supplements- Milk, fruits & proper diet is required.

Medication side effects:

  • appetite loss
  • Dark Urine
  • Jaundice
  • unexplained nausea or vomiting etc

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