Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by the monkeypox virus. It is transmitted to humans through close contact with an infected person or animal, or with material contaminated with the virus.
Monkeypox virus is transmitted from a person to another by close contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated materials such as bedding.
What are Sign & Symptoms of Monkey pox ..!
Monkeypox symptoms may start 5 to 21 days after you're exposed.It is usually a self limited disease with the symptoms lasting from 2 to 4 weeks. Severe cases can occur. In recent times, the case fatality ratio has been around 3–6%.
Patient get rash that may be located on or near the genitals (penis, testicles, labia, and vagina) or anus (butthole) and could be on other areas like the hands, feet, chest, face, or mouth.rash can initially look like pimples or blisters and may be painful or itchy.
– Fever – Swollen lymph node – Muscle aches and backache – Headache – Chillness – Tiredness – Respiratory symptoms (sore throat, nasal congestion, cough)
Complications of monkeypox can include secondary infections, bronchopneumonia, sepsis, encephalitis, and infection of the cornea with ensuing loss of vision.
clinical presentation of monkeypox resembles Smallpox, a related orthopoxvirus infection which was declared eradicated worldwide in 1980. Monkeypox is less contagious than smallpox and causes less severe illness.
Vaccination against smallpox was protective in the past, today persons younger than 40 to 50 years of age (depending on the country) may be more susceptible to monkeypox due to cessation of smallpox vaccination campaigns globally after eradication of the disease.